Bone graft is a surgery of bone transplant that seeks to restore bone volume to the jaw bone, which contains the tooth roots.
Dental bone grafting is used when the alveolar bone in the jaw is weak and cannot handle dental implants, this may occur after a severe injury, a birth defect (such as a facial deformity), or gingival conditions like gingivitis, which weaken the bone mass.
The dentist conducts a pre-implant evaluation before beginning any bone graft. To accurately determine the quantity and quality of the alveolar bone in the area that will receive the implant, a dental panoramic X-ray and a 3D scanner are used. The doctor will decide whether or not to perform a bone graft.
The bone graft surgery can be done in cases of minimal bone loss, whether concurrently with the bone transplant or after the healing process 3 months minimum in cases of severe bone loss.
To reach the bone wall and create a volume of bone that is adequate and solid, the gum should be cut during the procedure. The gum is then stitched shut and closed.
Due to the use of local anesthetic throughout the procedure, the patient does not experience any pain.
The membrane takes 8 to 15 days to recover after a bone graft. For the bones to be completely thick and stable before any further surgery the healing process should be done.
Therefore, after ensuring that the bone volume obtained is enough, which may take 4 to 6 months, dental implants may be placed.